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2020-03-26 14:32:56来源:励志吧0次阅读

AFNetworking在iOS网络编程中的正确使用方法

现在大家都喜欢用AFNetworking进行ios应用程序开发,由于有人保护。看来一下官方文档,把使用的代码简单罗列一下:

Podfileplatform :ios, '7.0'pod "AFNetworking", "~> 2.0"

方法1:GET 要求

AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [AFHTTPRequestOperationManager manager];[manager GET:@"http://example.com/resources.json" parameters:nil success:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) {    NSLog(@"JSON: %@", responseObject);} failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) {    NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);}];

方法2:POST 要求

AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [AFHTTPRequestOperationManager manager];NSDictionary *parameters = @{@"foo": @"bar"};[manager POST:@"http://example.com/resources.json" parameters:parameters success:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) {    NSLog(@"JSON: %@", responseObject);} failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) {    NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);}];

方法3:POST Multi-Part Request

AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [AFHTTPRequestOperationManager manager];NSDictionary *parameters = @{@"foo": @"bar"};NSURL *filePath = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:@"file://path/to/image.png"];[manager POST:@"http://example.com/resources.json" parameters:parameters constructingBodyWithBlock:^(id formData) {    [formData appendPartWithFileURL:filePath name:@"image" error:nil];} success:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) {    NSLog(@"Success: %@", responseObject);} failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) {    NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);}];

方法4:创建一个下载文件任务

NSURLSessionConfiguration *configuration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration];AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:configuration];NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/download.zip"];NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL];NSURLSessionDownloadTask *downloadTask = [manager downloadTaskWithRequest:request progress:nil destination:^NSURL *(NSURL *targetPath, NSURLResponse *response) {    NSURL *documentsDirectoryURL = [[NSFileManager defaultManager] URLForDirectory:NSDocumentDirectory inDomain:NSUserDomainMask appropriateForURL:nil create:NO error:nil];    return [documentsDirectoryURL URLByAppendingPathComponent:[response suggestedFilename]];} completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, NSURL *filePath, NSError *error) {    NSLog(@"File downloaded to: %@", filePath);}];[downloadTask resume];

方法5:创建一个上传文件任务

NSURLSessionConfiguration *configuration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration];AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:configuration];NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/upload"];NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL];NSURL *filePath = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:@"file://path/to/image.png"];NSURLSessionUploadTask *uploadTask = [manager uploadTaskWithRequest:request fromFile:filePath progress:nil completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, id responseObject, NSError *error) {    if (error) {        NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);    } else {        NSLog(@"Success: %@ %@", response, responseObject);    }}];[uploadTask resume];

方法六:创建一个上传文件任务并显示进度

NSMutableURLRequest *request = [[AFHTTPRequestSerializer serializer] multipartFormRequestWithMethod:@"POST" URLString:@"http://example.com/upload" parameters:nil constructingBodyWithBlock:^(id formData) {        [formData appendPartWithFileURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:@"file://path/to/image.jpg"] name:@"file" fileName:@"filename.jpg" mimeType:@"image/jpeg" error:nil];    } error:nil];AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:[NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration]];NSProgress *progress = nil;NSURLSessionUploadTask *uploadTask = [manager uploadTaskWithStreamedRequest:request progress:&progress completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, id responseObject, NSError *error) {    if (error) {        NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);    } else {        NSLog(@"%@ %@", response, responseObject);    }}];[uploadTask resume];

方法七:创建一个上传数据data任务

NSURLSessionConfiguration *configuration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration];AFURLSessionManager *manager = [[AFURLSessionManager alloc] initWithSessionConfiguration:configuration];NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/upload"];NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL];NSURLSessionDataTask *dataTask = [manager dataTaskWithRequest:request completionHandler:^(NSURLResponse *response, id responseObject, NSError *error) {    if (error) {        NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);    } else {        NSLog(@"%@ %@", response, responseObject);    }}];[dataTask resume];

方法八:获得网络状态

[[AFNetworkReachabilityManager sharedManager] setReachabilityStatusChangeBlock:^(AFNetworkReachabilityStatus status) {    NSLog(@"Reachability: %@", AFStringFromNetworkReachabilityStatus(status));}]; 

方法9: HTTP Manager Reachability

NSURL *baseURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/"];AFHTTPRequestOperationManager *manager = [[AFHTTPRequestOperationManager alloc] initWithBaseURL:baseURL];NSOperationQueue *operationQueue = manager.operationQueue;[manager.reachabilityManager setReachabilityStatusChangeBlock:^(AFNetworkReachabilityStatus status) {    switch (status) {        case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWWAN:        case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusReachableViaWiFi:            [operationQueue setSuspended:NO];            break;        case AFNetworkReachabilityStatusNotReachable:        default:            [operationQueue setSuspended:YES];            break;    }}];[manager.reachabilityManager startMonitoring];

方法10:AFHTTPRequestOperation的GET请求

NSURL *URL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"http://example.com/resources/123.json"];NSURLRequest *request = [NSURLRequest requestWithURL:URL];AFHTTPRequestOperation *op = [[AFHTTPRequestOperation alloc] initWithRequest:request];op.responseSerializer = [AFJSONResponseSerializer serializer];[op setCompletionBlockWithSuccess:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, id responseObject) {    NSLog(@"JSON: %@", responseObject);} failure:^(AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation, NSError *error) {    NSLog(@"Error: %@", error);}];[[NSOperationQueue mainQueue] addOperation:op];  

方法十一:Batch of Operations

NSMutableArray *mutableOperations = [NSMutableArray array];for (NSURL *fileURL in filesToUpload) {    NSURLRequest *request = [[AFHTTPRequestSerializer serializer] multipartFormRequestWithMethod:@"POST" URLString:@"http://example.com/upload" parameters:nil constructingBodyWithBlock:^(id formData) {        [formData appendPartWithFileURL:fileURL name:@"images[]" error:nil];    }];    AFHTTPRequestOperation *operation = [[AFHTTPRequestOperation alloc] initWithRequest:request];    [mutableOperations addObject:operation];}NSArray *operations = [AFURLConnectionOperation batchOfRequestOperations:@[...] progressBlock:^(NSUInteger numberOfFinishedOperations, NSUInteger totalNumberOfOperations) {    NSLog(@"%lu of %lu complete", numberOfFinishedOperations, totalNumberOfOperations);} completionBlock:^(NSArray *operations) {    NSLog(@"All operations in batch complete");}];[[NSOperationQueue mainQueue] addOperations:operations waitUntilFinished:NO];

方法12:获得要求的一些信息(我也没有用过,不太经常使用)

Request SerializationRequest serializers create requests from URL strings, encoding parameters as either a query string o r  HTTP body.NSString *URLString = @"http://example.com";NSDictionary *parameters = @{@"foo": @"bar", @"baz": @[@1, @2, @3]};Query String Parameter Encoding[[AFHTTPRequestSerializer serializer] requestWithMethod:@"GET" URLString:URLString parameters:parameters error:nil];GET http://example.com?foo=bar&baz[]=1&baz[]=2&baz[]=3URL Form Parameter Encoding[[AFHTTPRequestSerializer serializer] requestWithMethod:@"POST" URLString:URLString parameters:parameters];POST http://example.com/Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencodedfoo=bar&baz[]=1&baz[]=2&baz[]=3JSON Parameter Encoding[[AFJSONRequestSerializer serializer] requestWithMethod:@"POST" URLString:URLString parameters:parameters];POST http://example.com/Content-Type: application/json{"foo": "bar", "baz": [1,2,3]}
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